The strongest weapon you can arm yourself with as an investor or trader is information, and building habits of self-educating yourself. There aren’t a lot of credible sources of information for blockchain/crypto, so you’ll have to do some research and figure out what news sources are legit.
Here’s a compilation of tips and lessons I’ve written over the past few months, hope this helps you with your crypto trading journey.
First, avoid these common beginner mistakes.
- Don’t try to catch the exact bottom.
If you’re lucky enough to have some of your investment capital in fiat or BTC when the market takes a tumble, it can be a good time to construct your portfolio. I like to think of market corrections as “Crypto Flash Sales”. I almost always keep some fiat or BTC tucked away in case of a large dip in the market — but my obsession with catching the bottom of a downtrend has made me lose out on some big wins.
When you’re staring at a coins chart, watching it plummet in price, wondering when it will stop. You’re trying to catch the bottom. “Catching the bottom” means you’re attempting to enter into a trade at a bottom of a downtrend. It’s extremely difficult to catch the exact bottom on a trade. So difficult that it’s often called, “catching a falling knife”.
If you’re constantly trying to catch the exact bottom, chances are you’re going to miss out on trades. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve waited, and waited, only to have a trend reverse before I got in. I’ve missed out on far more than I’ve gained by trying to be a perfectionist with my trade entries. Sometimes, if you’re planning on entering a trade, it’s better to just get in near the bottom rather than wait.
If you’re a technical analysis wizard, the likes of Gandalf the White or my friends at : you might be better equipped to catch bottoms. This isn’t directed at you. This is for everyone else, the retail investors that make up the majority of this market. You’re not the Wolf of Wall Street, and you’ll bank more coin if you stop thinking you are.
2. Don’t sell your coins for ones that are going up.
Everyone’s done it. You don’t have to be ashamed. It’s only human. We’ve all sold the bottom of a downtrend only to see it immediately reverse and shoot upwards.
It seems like everytime I abandon ship on a coin to FOMO into another one, the coin I sell goes up. FOMO stands for Fear of Missing Out, it’s a common fear that causes a lot of bad decisions in trading.
Let me paint you a picture.
You buy $XYZ at $0.25 cents, you’ve done your due diligence, studied the charts for a while, and you’re ready. You didn’t even try to catch the bottom, you know this is a long term hold so you’re fine with your entry. You’re cool as a cucumber.
Two weeks pass, $XYZ is still at $0.25 cents. You’re starting to question your beliefs, sense of logic, even your reality. You start getting into arguments with old people at Denny’s about what “money” means. The longer your bag sits firmly on the ground and not the “moon” , the more bitter you become.
Two more weeks pass. $XYZ is at $0.20 cents. You’re friend John who just got into crypto last week told you about some sh*tcoin called $ABC. You laugh at him for even considering any coin besides $XYZ. Then, a mere 6 hours after John buys $ABC it skyrockets. It goes up 70%, John thinks he’s the king of crypto. He offers you advice, knowing that your coin is still in the gutter.
It’s at this fateful moment that you lose sight of what is most important.
“Screw it!”, you exclaim.
“This market doesn’t make sense if it rewards idiots like John”, you think.
After all, he’s only been trading for 12 hours and he’s up 80%, what kind of sick joke is this. He already got that promotion over you, and now he’s getting all the good trades?!
The next day John’s stupid $ABC coin goes up 150%. You stare out your window, not at the beautiful LA skyline, but at the street below. Wondering if jumping out the window would hurt less than watching John tell everyone in the office what “Hodl” means as he waves around his hardware wallet. You get home, open up your exchange, and say goodbye to $XYZ. You sell all your holdings, at a loss, and move your capital into $ABC.
The next day, $XYZ goes up 800%. John calls you, excited, “Congrats! I saw $XYZ mooned today, oh man I wish I got out of $ABC while I was ahead, It’s down now, practically the same as when I got in. I should have listened to you and bought $XYZ”.
Don’t be that person. I’ve been that person, it sucks.
3. Don’t stare at the charts all day.
Believe it or not, you can’t force a chart to go up or down with Jedi Mind Tricks.
Sorry for all the Star Wars references, I watched the Han Solo movie last night.
Trust me, I’ve tried. When I first started trading I used to spend countless hours “charting”. Looking back, if I’m being honest with myself, a lot of those hours were wasted. Sure, I spent a lot of time actually studying and applying what I learned to my trading, but I also spent a lot of time aimlessly staring at a computer screen for hours on end.
I learned that the majority of my mistakes where made in moments like those. When I wasn’t being productive, I was needlessly monitoring my holdings like a hawk. It made me more emotional, and it made me overtrade. Two things I now know to avoid at all cost.
Sometimes the best thing you can do, is set a limit-order, and walk away. Trust your strategy, and always remember —
Now that we’ve covered what not to do, let’s talk about what you should do.
I’m forever a student and while proud of my progress, in many ways I’m still a beginner. I take methodical notes on anything I’m studying, and if I really want to learn something — I publish it. I’ve found that the best way to force feed my brain subject-matter is to consume as much as possible and then distill it down to easily digestible bites.
Digital hors d’oeuvres.
This is not financial advice — merely a description of my journey and the locations of the pot holes I tripped over — in hopes that you can sidestep them.
I won’t tell you what to buy and when, but I will tell you how to make those decisions yourself.
1 DON’T PANIC
Shoutout to Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy
Whenever someone I know begins investing in cryptocurrency and asks me for help getting started, I know that I’m going to end up having to calm that person down whenever there is a dip in the market.
The reason you got into this is the same reason you’re freaking out, crypto is extremely volatile. The same forces that allow us to see 1000x returns on our investments, can also create situations when you suddenly see 90% of your money disappear.
A roller coaster goes both up and down at extreme speeds.
Remember when I told you about? I bought at the top of the roller coaster. I fell victim to rule #3 — the FOMO trade.
Whenever you see an article claiming that this dip is the end for Bitcoin due to some country increasing regulations or something similar — remember that China has “banned” cryptocurrency three times or more. Believe it or not, Bitcoin and other coins are still standing.
2 YOU’RE NOT TOO LATE
I hate when people talk about wanting to get into cryptocurrency but feeling like they’re, “too late”. Bitcoin does this thing called “correcting” every few months, when it tends to drop in price drastically to prepare for the next surge up — buy-in during any of these dips, and you’ll be fine.
YOU’RE NOT TOO LATE.
Buying during the dip in Bitcoin has been a winning investment strategy since 2009.
Two thousand and nine!
The funniest part about the fact that I constantly hear, “I’m too late to get in now”, is that people have been saying that same statement since Bitcoin hit $1.
I shit you not.
If you dig deep enough into the BitcoinTalk forums, you will find stories of people saying, “Oh it’s too late”, as early as 2014.
Furthermore, everyone I know who is now in cryptocurrency, at some point had that same thought.
“I’m too late”,
Until they watched it gain another 100% and realized that this magic internet money doesn’t always make sense.
Here’s ain Forbes from 2015 where the author outlines all the risks and dangers of investing in Bitcoin, at the time it was $400.
3 DON’T CHASE GREEN CANDLES (FOMO TRADING)
I’ve written about this several times before and I’ll write about it again.
FOMO trading is one of the more common (if not the most common) causes of traders and investors losing their shmeckles.
We’ve all done it, I’m certainly not immune to FOMO. Every once in awhile, I still find myself inching closer and closer to that market buy when I see a coin exploding, before hitting one of my carefully thought out limit orders. It’s an hard impulse to resist.
It’s a disease.
Buy when there’s blood on the streets.
You should approach crypto investments like you’re bargain hunting. Study a coin’s history; zoom out and look at its entire lifespan. Determine a good entry point and set your buys. I always try to buy into whatever coin I’m trying to load up on when the market is down. I’m a huge believer in both Neo and Ethereum (although they’re competitors), but I’ll never buy either of those unless they’ve had a series of successive down days and are showing signs of reversal.
Bonus: I highly suggest starting with an extremely small investment. Before you start investing, you have a lot of studying to do.
Before you begin studying, take a tiny amount of money and invest it into cryptocurrency- this will incentivize you to watch the charts more often, and get an idea of how volatile this market really is.
4 DON’T LISTEN TO TWITTER TRADERS (DYOR)
There are some people on Twitter who bring serious value to investors by providing solid analysis and investment strategy.
There are even more people on Twitter who are just looking to pump shitcoins after they’ve bought in, and dump after you pump their bag.
A lot of these accounts will tweet out calls for coins that have already broken out into an uptrend — and then a few days later post results saying something to the tune of, “My followers booked 583% Gain on BSCoin”.
They’ll rinse and repeat this process until they have an army of people whom now will pump whatever coin they Tweet — some use this power with responsibility, others go fall to the dark side.
Pay attention, listen to others when you know they’re credible sources, but come to your own conclusion and do your own research (DYOR).
5 DON’T JOIN PUMP AND DUMP GROUPS
Much like the several guys on Twitter who pump their bags by telling their followers to buy coins which they’ve already bought into, there are “pump and dump” telegram and discord groups that will promise huge gains.
The problem with these is that there is always a loser, and 9 times out of 10, it’s you.
In order to move up the ranks and get trading signals ahead of the pack, you need to invite more people to the group.
The more people you invite, the sooner you get the trading signal.
If you join a group that already has a large amount of members already, it’s going to be difficult to invite enough people to increase your “rank” enough to receive trading signals before the herd.
If you join a group that doesn’t have a large amount of members already, and you invite as many people as you can to join in on this literal pyramid scheme — you’re a part of the problem.
6 DON’T BUY WHAT YOU DON’T UNDERSTAND
I wasn’t sure if I wanted to include this commandment or not. To be completely honest, there are some coins now that I invest in solely based on their chart. I could know absolutely nothing about a company — if I see enough positive buy signals and price history to back it up — I’m going in.
I find that when I’m looking at coins for extremely short term trades (0–3 weeks), focusing on Technical Analysis over Fundamental Analysis brings me greater returns. That’s just me — I don’t suggest buying into coins you haven’t done research on, unless you’re also a TA geek like myself.
For long term investments you absolutely need to DYOR. The biggest % gains I’ve ever had in crypto were my long term bags. Bags that I would’ve emptied to FOMO into other trades at the beginning of my dive into crypto — but I’ve learned from my mistakes.
When I’m looking at a coin that I’m considering as a long term hold, I think of the worst case scenario.
If crypto were to figuratively burn to the ground tomorrow, would this coin be one of the few that would survive the crash?
I’m a bull when it comes to cryptocurrency as a whole, but I also believe that there is a shocking amount of money in this market with a very small amount of meaningful use cases that have been successfully executed.
Blockchain technology has the potential to create serious impactful change in this world, but right now some of the largest examples of blockchain projects coming to fruition areand .
With that being said, I foresee a reckoning in the future where the vast majority (99%) of cryptocurrencies fade out of existence, with the ones remaining being those that address serious widespread issues (or streamline existing processes), while capturing more market cap than their competitors.
Operating under this assumption, means that most, if not all of the coins I trade on a short term basis, would not pass my screening for long term holds.
For example, I don’t see Verge (XVG) passing the test of time — but I do see it going 2–3x in the near future, and I’ll hold it until it does or I’m proven wrong.
On the other hand, ETH and NEO are competitors. They solve the same problems, are both serious coins with large market caps, and I hold both as long term investments. I’m not hedging against my bets by investing in competitors. It’s feasible to me that these two entities could co-exist in the future in a fashion similar to how Apple and Samsung coexist.
I believe they both have too much funding, too much support, and too large of a community to fizzle out completely.
7 MONEY ON EXCHANGES DOESN’T BELONG TO YOU
I know that everyone and their mother preaches about this on Reddit/Twitter, so I won’t spend too much time on this.
It defeats the purpose of a decentralized currency — one in which you are in complete control, with no need for third parties to store or transfer your money — to trust a third party to store and transfer your money.
There have been several times in the past when trusting third parties (exchanges, mining pools, even gambling sites) has resulted in the loss of a devastating amount of cryptocurrency.
Read up on Mt.Gox, the first Bitcoin exchange ever to open its virtual doors. You’ll begin to understand that danger of unnecessarily trusting third parties in a trust-less system.
So what do you do?
Download the official wallets for your cryptocurrency holdings, and store them there. An alternative would be purchasing a Ledger Nano, or a Trezor — which are both hardware wallets similar in appearance to thumb drives.
Ledger Nano S
8 DON’T MARGIN TRADE
If you don’t know what margin trading is, just skip ahead. Don’t even look it up. It’s dangerous, and a very efficient way to lose your money fast.
Margin trading is trading with leverage. Which means that I can put $100 into a margin account, and get 3x my trading balance in buying power.
That also means that if I trade 3x my balance ($300), and my position goes -$100, I will lose everything I’m holding as collateral.
I made more money in a short time frame than I’ve ever made in my life through margin trading.
I also lost more money faster than I’ve ever lost it before in my life through margin trading.
9 IF YOU DO MARGIN TRADE, NEVER MARGIN TRADE WITH BITCOIN AS YOUR COLLATERAL
I knew you wouldn’t listen to me.
Since you still want to margin trade, at least heed these words of advice:
Never use Bitcoin as collateral for your margin trading.
Never put Bitcoin into your margin account, and open long or short positions with the buying power given to you by that Bitcoin.
I can’t think of a better way to say it.
Don’t do it.
If you’re going to margin trade, leverage fiat.This is something that was told to me when I first started margin trading. I didn’t do it for a while, but after a God-like winning streak, I felt untouchable.
For about 2 months, I didn’t place a losing margin trade. My account balance was exploding. I had been religiously removing my profits every week from my margin account to buy BTC and set aside as a long term hold. It was part of; use margin trading to increase my holdings in coins I really believed in.
One day, I saw an opportunity that I thought would make me rich.
The market had just finished the bull run that took Bitcoin to $20,000. I had closed most of my margin positions and realized a solid profit from the run — at this point I was just sitting patiently with my entire margin balance available to me.
I was waiting for the dip.
I thought my salvation came when BTC dropped down to $10K and bounced back up to $13K. I was blinded by my winning streak.
Confirmation bias is a bitch.
I went all in on a few long positions. I hadn’t seen some of my favorite coins this low in months, it felt like the greatest flash sale of all time.
The next day, the market dropped.
I was completely maxed out on the leverage available to me, and the only funds I had available were the BTC profits I had been setting aside every week.
I loaded them up into my margin account, and gave myself a lot more breathing room to avoid liquidation.
If I had stopped there, I would have been fine.
After transferring BTC into my margin account, I noticed that I had a lot more of a tradable balance from leveraging the BTC than I realized I’d have. Still feeling semi-God-like, I decided to double down on my positions.
“Nothing has changed…I still believe the market will correct within a couple days…I’m not going to have weak hands and realize the loss”, I thought to myself.
The next day, the market dropped.
I freaked out for a couple more days until I woke up to being liquidated.
Much of what I had made in my two month spree was gone.
10 DON’T TRADE/INVEST WITHOUT A STRATEGY
My next piece is going to go in depth on creating your own investment strategy.
You should not be investing without a strategy and goals.
Your strategy will include the tactics you will use to reach your goals.
For example: if my goal is to own X NEO, X ETH, X BTC, and X ETC by Q4 2018.
My strategy will include all the methods I plan on using to add to those long term holds I have in my goal.
Failure to plan is planning to fail — or so say the Boy Scouts. Determine your goals, and write them down by hand.
Most of what I’ve learned has come as a result of the huge loss I took as soon as I began investing.
If there’s only one thing you take away from this piece, I hope it’s this:
Don’t panic, and don’t give up if your first investment doesn’t go well. Use it as an opportunity to reflect on what caused you to make the mistake — and seek education to pull yourself out of the hole.
Adversity is like a strong wind, you can run away with it pushing you faster, or you can hold your ground, letting it tear from you all except what is absolutely necessary.
Short Bio of the Author – Reza Jafery
Blockchain Advisor, Chief of Strategy at Mesmr, Marketing Lead at, Cofounder at PaperBlock, Cofounder at
No one to talk to when you’re staring at charts at 3 in the morning? Stop by Cosmic Trading on Discord and shoot me a message